JavaFX and MVC Architecture

Are you looking to develop desktop applications using JavaFX? Do you want to learn about the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture and how it can help you build robust and scalable applications? Look no further! In this article, we will explore JavaFX and MVC architecture and how they work together to create amazing desktop applications.

What is JavaFX?

JavaFX is a powerful framework for building rich and interactive desktop applications. It provides a set of APIs for creating user interfaces, handling events, and working with multimedia. JavaFX is built on top of the Java platform and is fully integrated with the Java language and runtime environment.

JavaFX provides a wide range of features for building desktop applications, including:

JavaFX is a cross-platform framework, which means that applications built with JavaFX can run on multiple operating systems, including Windows, macOS, and Linux.

What is MVC Architecture?

MVC architecture is a design pattern that separates an application into three main components: Model, View, and Controller. This separation of concerns helps to create a more modular and maintainable application.

MVC architecture provides several benefits, including:

How to Implement MVC Architecture in JavaFX?

Implementing MVC architecture in JavaFX is straightforward. Here are the steps:

  1. Create a model class that represents the data and business logic of the application. This class should provide methods for accessing and manipulating the data.
public class Model {
    private String data;

    public String getData() {
        return data;

    public void setData(String data) { = data;
  1. Create a view class that represents the user interface of the application. This class should contain the UI controls and provide methods for updating the UI.
public class View {
    private Label label;
    private TextField textField;

    public View(Label label, TextField textField) {
        this.label = label;
        this.textField = textField;

    public void update(String data) {
  1. Create a controller class that acts as an intermediary between the model and the view. This class should handle user input, update the model, and update the view.
public class Controller {
    private Model model;
    private View view;

    public Controller(Model model, View view) {
        this.model = model;
        this.view = view;

    public void handleInput() {
        String data = view.getTextField().getText();
  1. Finally, create the main class that initializes the model, view, and controller and sets up the event handlers.
public class Main extends Application {
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) throws Exception {
        Model model = new Model();
        Label label = new Label();
        TextField textField = new TextField();
        View view = new View(label, textField);
        Controller controller = new Controller(model, view);

        textField.setOnAction(event -> controller.handleInput());

        VBox root = new VBox();
        root.getChildren().addAll(label, textField);
        Scene scene = new Scene(root, 300, 200);

    public static void main(String[] args) {

In this example, we have created a simple application that allows the user to enter some text in a text field and displays it in a label. The model class represents the data, the view class represents the UI, and the controller class acts as an intermediary between them.


JavaFX and MVC architecture are a powerful combination for building desktop applications. JavaFX provides a rich set of APIs for creating user interfaces, handling events, and working with multimedia. MVC architecture provides a modular and maintainable way to structure the application.

By following the steps outlined in this article, you can easily implement MVC architecture in your JavaFX applications. So, what are you waiting for? Start building amazing desktop applications with JavaFX and MVC architecture today!

Editor Recommended Sites

AI and Tech News
Best Online AI Courses
Classic Writing Analysis
Tears of the Kingdom Roleplay
Data Quality: Cloud data quality testing, measuring how useful data is for ML training, or making sure every record is counted in data migration
Javascript Book: Learn javascript, typescript and react from the best learning javascript book
Neo4j Guide: Neo4j Guides and tutorials from depoloyment to application python and java development
Cloud Data Fabric - Interconnect all data sources & Cloud Data Graph Reasoning:
Decentralized Apps: Decentralized crypto applications